lnfantry: The backbone of the forces. Consists of the beings who fight on the ground. Although currently not utilized as much as in history, they still play an important role. They usually fight from fortifications. Being large and slow to move, they typically are not the first in an invasion, they come in after a 'beach head' is secured and fortify it.
Mechanized: These are the elite, the shock troops. They are trained to fight as regular infantry, but do most of their fighting from vehicles, armored and otherwise. They are usually the first into a situation. Unlike regular infantry, they are fast and easy to move. They are usually the first down, and are used to secure areas for other units to move in.
Heavy Weapons Corps: These are the beings that work with the artillery. They move, maintain, and operate the artillery pieces used to support infantry and other actions.
Corps of Engineers: These are the sappers who build fortifications and other battlefield installations such as bridges, landing zones, etc. The corps of engineers also includes demolition specialists.
Special Operations: highly trained troops who undertake the most difficult, dangerous and sometimes covert missions.
The lnfantry is divided into Regiments of approximately 1000 to 1,200 troops. Regiments are divided into Companies typically of 120 troops. Companies are further divided into sections of 32 troops. In turn, sections are divided into the Unit or Squad up to 8 troops. Regiments are usually commanded by Lt. Colonels or Majors. Companies are commanded by a Major or Senior Lieutenant, Sections commanded by Lieutenants, and Units by a Sergeant or sometimes a Lance Corporal.
The next largest unit used is the Battalion. A Battalion is usually made up of 4 to 7 Regiments. There are some standing Battalions besides those that are part of the standing Brigades. Battalions are usually commanded by a Colonel or a Lieutenant General.
The largest unit organization is the Brigade usually consisting of 9 to 12 Regiments, typically divided into two Battalions. Brigades are usually under the command of a General or very rarely a Field Marshall.
Mechanized Regiments are divided into companies. Companies vary in size depending on mechanized equipment used by the particular company. There are generally two types of mechanized companies . The first consists entirely of a particular vehicle i.e. heavy armored vehicle, attack car, mounted infantry, etc...The second type is a mixed company made up of a combination of different mechanized units. Companies are further broken down into sections. The size of the section depends upon the type of mechanized unit used in the company i.e. a section of heavy armored vehicles (HAV) is 4 and 4 sections make up a company. Mechanized battalions and brigades structures are organized the same as infantry.
All Regiments are part of a Battalion and a Brigade, however the individual Regiments may be stationed at different outposts. The Battalion and Brigade command structure is in place even though regiments may be remotely stationed.
Each Battalion has it's own medical corps that is broken up and sent off with the different Regiments. When the Battalion acts as a whole it's med corps will also combine operations. Each Battalion has it's own command and operations staff that assist the commanders in controlling all the troops. The command staff includes: intelligence liaisons, radio operators, cartographers, Fleet liaison, communications operators, aids and other personnel. The command staff is usually company strength and is sometimes called the Command or Head Quarters Company. In most Brigades, there is an additional HQ Company to coordinate with the Battalion staffs. If regiments in a battalion are remotely stationed members of the command structure are distributed with the remote regiments.
The Engineers are divided into regiments, usually by specialty, e.g. 5th Heavy Construction Field Engineers. Engineering Regiments travel with infantry and consists of 400 to1,OOO troops. Engineering regiments carry all equipment necessary to perform its particular function.
Heavy Weapons is divided into Regiments but the structure is not as tight as lnfantry or Mechanized. The Regiment is broken down into Gun Batteries, made up of a number of guns and their crews. The usual Battery is made up of five crew serviced guns or between 10 and 25 signal troops, heavy guns.
A Battery is usually commanded by a Senior Lieutenant or a Major. A Battery also includes field surveyors who are used in targeting the long range guns and other personnel such as communication technicians and liaisons.
Special Operations teams are typically organized on a case by case basis. The teams consist of section to company strength group operating independently. In addition to ad hoc special operations teams there are four special operations regiments organized along the lines of Infantry regiments, which can act as a coordinated units. However, these groups usually operate in smaller unit size.
Last modified: Thu Jul 5 2001